Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)

Sexually transmitted infections (STI’s) are spread through sexual contact with an infected partner.  Sexual contact can mean oral sex (mouth on genitals or anus), vaginal sex (penis in vagina), anal sex (penis in anus), skin to skin contact and/or sharing sex toys. STI’s can also be spread through non sexual activities like sharing needles or other drug use equipment.

Am I at risk?

Rate your risk at: www.sexandu.ca (The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada (SOGC)

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How can I protect myself against STI’s?

  • Practice safer sex 
  • Always use a latex condom for vaginal and anal sex
  • Always use a latex condom or dental dam for oral sex (mouth on genitals or anus). 
  • Use water-based lubrication with condoms for vaginal and anal sex
  • Make sure you know the common symptoms of STIs. Inform your doctor immediately if you notice any signs. Remember that many STIs will not have symptoms so routine testing is still important.
  • Limit the number of sexual partners you have.
  • Consider the impact that alcohol and drugs can have on the decisions you make about sex. Plan ahead what kind of sex you are okay with and how much alcohol or drugs you will have.
  • Stay up to date with recommended vaccines like HPV vaccine, hepatitis b vaccine and hepatitis A vaccine
  • Make informed decisions and talk to your partner(s) about their STI status and the use of protection
  • Never share needles or other drug use equipment. Find out more about ESTPH Needle Exchange Program (NEP)

How often should I get tested for STI’s?

You may get symptoms from an STI or you may not. The only way to be sure is to have an STI test.

  • After your last partner
  • When starting a new relationship
  • If your partner tells you he or she has an STI, ask for the name of the disease.
  • If the condom broke or after having unprotected intercourse
  • If you have ever shared needles or other drug use equipment.

Where can I get tested for STI’s?

Ask your healthcare provider about STI testing

ESTPH Sexual Health Clinic

Need more Information about a specific STI?