What are Illicit Drugs?
“Illicit drugs” is a commonly used term that refers to certain substances listed under the 1997 Controlled Drugs and Substances Act. These substances include heroin, cocaine, cannabis (cannabis currently remains an illegal drug, however Bill C-45 The Cannabis Act is proposed and if passed, will change this status in July 2018), and synthetic substances such as LSD and ecstasy.
The regulations under the Act outline the conditions under which certain drugs may be used for legitimate reasons, such as medical treatment. The regulations also set out the conditions under which the possession, production, and sale of such substances are illegal.
For more information, visit
- Controlled and Illegal Drugs
- Canada’s Drug Strategy
- Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse Licit and Illicit Drug Use During Pregnancy (pdf)