The Province of Ontario in May 2006 developed a comprehensive Smoke-Free Ontario Strategy which includes enforcement of the Smoke-Free Ontario Act, a law designed to protect the health of Ontarians by prohibiting smoking in all enclosed workplaces and enclosed public places. The Act also bans the public display of tobacco products and the sale of tobacco products to youth under 19.
- The Smoke-Free Ontario Act came into force on May 31, 2006.
- The act prohibits smoking in enclosed workplaces and enclosed public places in Ontario in order to protect workers and the public from the hazards of second-hand smoke.
The Act seeks to protect employees from exposure to second-hand smoke in an enclosed workplace. An enclosed workplace means the inside of a building, structure or vehicle that an employee works in or frequents during the course of their employment (whether or not they are acting in the course of their employment at the time), and includes common areas such as washrooms, lobbies and parking garages. Examples of an enclosed workplace include the inside of a trailer office on a construction site, the inside of a loading dock, or the inside of a delivery truck. The ban on smoking in an enclosed workplace is in effect at all times, even during off-hours when people are not working.
Designated Smoking Rooms, Smoking Shelters
Designated Smoking Rooms (DSRs), which were permissible in some instances under local municipal bylaws, are now prohibited.
An employer may choose to accommodate employees who smoke by providing a smoking shelter outdoors. An employer who provides an outdoor smoking shelter must ensure that the structure consists of no more than two walls and a roof.
Responsibilities of Employers
Every employer must:
- Ensure that employees are aware that smoking is prohibited in enclosed workplaces.
- Remove ashtrays and any object that serves as one.
- Ensure that no one smokes in the workplace.
- Ensure a person who does not comply does not remain in the enclosed workplace.
- Post No Smoking signs at all entrances, exits, washrooms and other appropriate locations in order to ensure that everyone knows that smoking is prohibited. For information on acquiring required signage, please contact your local public health unit.
An employee is:
- A person who performs any work for, or supplies any services to, an employer.
- A person who receives any instruction or training in the business or profession of an employer.
Protection for Employees
- An employer may not dismiss, threaten to dismiss, discipline, suspend, penalize, intimidate or coerce an employee who obeys or seeks compliance with the Act.
- If an employee experiences any of the above-noted actions by his or her employer, the employee may direct complaints to the Ontario Labour Relations Board.
For more information about filing a complaint, please call the Ministry of Labour:
877-339-3335 (Toll-free in Ontario only)
416-326-7500 in Toronto
Or visit the Ministry of Labour website.
Local public health units carry out inspections and investigate complaints in workplaces in order to enforce the Act..
Any individual convicted of an offence under the section of the Act that protects the rights of employees could be subject to a maximum fine of $4,000. Any corporation convicted of an offence under this section of the Act could be subject to a maximum fine of $10,000.
With respect to an employer contravening an employer obligation, an individual could be subject to a maximum fine of $5,000, and a corporation could be subject to a maximum fine of $300,000. A contravention by an individual of the general prohibition against smoking could result in a maximum fine $5000.
This fact sheet is intended as a quick reference only. For more information, please contact your local public health unit.
You may also obtain information by calling toll-free:
- INFOline 1-866-396-1760
- TTY 1-800-387-5559
Hours of operation: Monday to Friday, 8:30am - 5:00pm
For more information on the Smoke-Free Ontario Act, please visit the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care website: Ontario.ca/smokefree.